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2014.06.19 THU

ANSIBLEを入れてみる

sebastian

WRITTEN BYsebastian

ansibleを使ってみた

なんでansibleかというと
従来の物と比べる時にエージェントが要らないという
考えてみれば色々入れるからこそ構成ツールなのにまず入れろってのは無いよな

まずはインストール

pythonのeasy_installとかpipとかvirtual_envとかって考えてたら
当たり前のようにbrewにてパッケージ管理されてました。

$ brew info ansible
ansible: stable 1.6.2, HEAD

http://www.ansible.com/home

/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2 (867 files, 9.9M) *
  Built from source
From: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew/commits/master/Library/Formula/ansible.rb
==> Dependencies
Required: libyaml ✔
==> Options
--with-accelerate
Enable accelerated mode
--HEAD
install HEAD version
==> Caveats
If you need Python to find the installed site-packages:
  mkdir -p ~/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages
  echo '/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages' > ~/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/homebrew.pth

さくさくインストールしてみます。

$ brew install ansible
==> Installing ansible dependency: libyaml
==> Downloading https://downloads.sf.net/project/machomebrew/Bottles/libyaml-0.1.6.mavericks.bottle.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring libyaml-0.1.6.mavericks.bottle.tar.gz
      /usr/local/Cellar/libyaml/0.1.6: 7 files, 348K
==> Installing ansible
==> Downloading http://releases.ansible.com/ansible/ansible-1.6.2.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Downloading https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/pycrypto/ pycrypto-2.6.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2/libexec
==> Downloading https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/P/PyYAML/PyYAML-3.10.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2/libexec
==> Downloading https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/paramiko/paramiko-1.11.0.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2/libexec
==> Downloading https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/M/MarkupSafe/MarkupSafe-0.18.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2/libexec
==> Downloading https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/J/Jinja2/Jinja2-2.7.1.tar.gz
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2/libexec
==> python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2
==> Caveats
If you need Python to find the installed site-packages:
  mkdir -p ~/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages
  echo '/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages' > ~/Library/Python/2.7/lib/python/site-packages/homebrew.pth
==> Summary
      /usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2: 867 files, 9.9M, built in 30 seconds

さくさくインストール出来ました。
これで、ちゃんとコマンドラインが通るようになりました。

$ ansible --version
ansible 1.6.2

brewだと/usr/local/Cellar/ansible/1.6.2以下にインストールされているので確認

configの設定

ansibleの公式サイトのconfigに関するThe Ansible Configuration Fileを見ると以下のようにある

Certain settings in Ansible are adjustable via a configuration file. The stock configuration should be sufficient for most users, but there may be reasons you would want to change them.}
Changes can be made and used in a configuration file which will be processed in the following order:

  • ANSIBLE_CONFIG (an environment variable)
  • ansible.cfg (in the current directory)
  • .ansible.cfg (in the home directory)
  • /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg

どうやらANSIBLE_CONFIGから順に設定ファイルを見に行くようにできているらしい
ここは取り敢えず/etc/andible以下に最新版のconfigファイルを配置します

$ sudo mkdir /etc/ansible
$ cd /etc/ansible
$ sudo wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ansible/ansible/devel/examples/ansible.cfg
Password:
--2014-06-04 11:34:25--  https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ansible/ansible/devel/examples/ansible.cfg
Resolving raw.githubusercontent.com... 103.245.222.133
Connecting to raw.githubusercontent.com|103.245.222.133|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 7172 (7.0K) 
Saving to: 'ansible.cfg'

100%[===============================================================================================================================>] 7,172       --.-K/s   in 0s      

2014-06-04 11:34:26 (60.0 MB/s) - 'ansible.cfg' saved [7172/7172]

少し中身を見てみます。

# config file for ansible -- http://ansible.com/
# ==============================================
# nearly all parameters can be overridden in ansible-playbook
# or with command line flags. ansible will read ANSIBLE_CONFIG,
# ansible.cfg in the current working directory, .ansible.cfg in
# the home directory or /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg, whichever it
# finds first

[defaults]

# some basic default values...

hostfile       = /etc/ansible/hosts
library        = /usr/share/ansible
remote_tmp     = $HOME/.ansible/tmp
pattern        = *
forks          = 5
poll_interval  = 15
sudo_user      = root
#ask_sudo_pass = True
#ask_pass      = True
transport      = smart
remote_port    = 22
module_lang    = C
    :
    :
    :

元記事は、こちら

sebastian

sebastian